Exploring uncertainties in the relationship between temperature, ice volume, and sea level over the past 50 million years

first_imgand sea level for the past 50 Ma have increased. In parallel, efforts to model ice sheet changes during this period have been ongoing. We review published paleodata and modeling work to provide insights into how sea level responds to changing temperature through changes in ice volume and thermal expansion. To date, the temperature to sea level relationship has been explored for the transition from glacial to interglacial states. Attempts to synthesize the temperature to sea level relationship in deeper time, when temperatures were significantly warmer than present, have been tentative.We first review the existing temperature and sea level dataand model simulations, with a discussion of uncertainty ineach of these approaches. We then synthesize the sea leveland temperature data and modeling results we have reviewedto test plausible forms for the sea level versus temperaturerelationship. On this very long timescale there are noglobally representative temperature proxies, and so we investigate this relationship using deep-sea temperature records and surface temperature records from high and low latitudes.It is difficult to distinguish between the different plausible forms of the temperature to sea level relationship given the wide errors associated with the proxy estimates. We argue that for surface high-latitude Southern Hemisphere temperature and deep-sea temperature, the rate of change of sea level to temperature has not remained constant, i.e., linear, over the past 50 Ma, although the relationship remains ambiguous for the available low-latitude surface temperature data. A nonlinearform between temperature and sea level is consistentwith ice sheet modeling studies. This relationship can beattributed to (1) the different glacial thresholds for Southern Hemisphere glaciation compared to Northern Hemisphere glaciation and (2) the ice sheet carrying capacity of the Antarctic continent.last_img read more

Red Hot Chili Peppers, LCD Soundsystem, & More To Stream This Weekend From Lollapalooza

first_imgWith a stacked lineup including headlining sets from Radiohead, Red Hot Chili Peppers, LCD Soundsystem and more, excitement is high for the 25th annual Lollapalooza, which kicks off today at Chicago’s Grant Park and runs through Sunday night. However, if you can’t make it out to Chicago, fret not: both Red Bull and Sirius XM will be offering live streams of select shows throughout the weekend. Red Bull TV will begin their streaming schedule tonight with the Yeasayers’ show at 7:10pm eastern time, and will run three separate streaming channels at all times throughout the festival. While some schedule slots are still TBA, major acts like Future, Major Lazer, RHCP, and LCD Soundsystem are all confirmed to be webcast on the site. To see the full streaming lineup and set reminders for the shows you want to watch, head here. Sirius XM will be hosting Lolla performances from various channels on its satellite radio platform, starting with Bastille this afternoon on the Alt Nation Channel (Ch. 36), and followed by performances from The Arcs, Wavves, Yeasayer, Jane’s Addiction, Two Door Cinema Club, Bloc Party, Flume, Local Natives and many more across multiple channels. Check out a full list of sets being broadcast on Sirius here. If you don’t have Sirius, you can also register for a 30-day free trial here to catch the action in Chicago all weekend long!Happy couch touring, music fans![via Rolling Stone]last_img read more

Meet Indian Ink Star Romola Garai

first_img View Comments “I don’t really talk about my personal life. [Garai and her actor husband Sam Hoare have a one-year-old daughter, whose name they haven’t revealed.] I think it’s because I started [acting] young and found the attention overwhelming. I would never want my child to turn to me one day and say, ‘You didn’t give me my privacy.’” Current Role: Flora Crewe, a young British poet traveling through India in 1930 who strikes up a spirited friendship with a local portrait painter, in Roundabout’s off-Broadway premiere of Tom Stoppard’s Indian Ink. Stage and Screen Cred: You’ve seen Garai [pronounced RO-mala Gur-EYE] on film (Atonement, Vanity Fair, Dirty Dancing 2) and TV (The Hour, Emma, The Crimson Petal and the White). Theater credits include the RSC’s King Lear and The Seagull, which made a tour stop at BAM. “I was a terrible showoff as a child and when people would say, ‘You have such an unusual name,’ I’d feel very important. People pronounce it wrongly, but I never correct them because that’s a bore. My last name is actually pronounced with a rolling ‘R,’ but if you asked anyone to do that, they’d hate you forever.” “My family and I were British expats [in Hong Kong and Singapore] for the first part of my life, and I think that helps me connect with this play. I can understand the romantic idea of living outside Britain, even though we were not in India.” Age: 32 Show Closed This production ended its run on Nov. 30, 2014center_img “I’m such a killjoy when people want to talk about costumes. I’m so over it! In my day-to-day life, I basically wear a tracksuit all the time. I feel so lucky that I don’t have to sleep in rollers and get up and wear a corset every day.” “There’s a sweetness to this play that will surprise people who think of Tom Stoppard as someone who is mainly interested in ideas. It’s a moving play with fantastic female leads. I love playing a woman in that age who is committed to making art. She’s very brave.” Indian Ink Hometown: London, England Related Shows “I never get recognized and that’s a great thing because I’m a very private person. Funnily enough, Americans are more willing to say, ‘Do I know you?’ Then you have to list the things you’ve been in and they say, ‘No, I didn’t see that.’ I guess I have one of those faces that can be made to look different.”last_img read more

Sunset Boulevard, Starring Glenn Close, Extends

first_imgGlenn Close in Broadway’s ‘Sunset Boulevard'(Photo: Joan Marcus) The revival of Andrew Lloyd Webber’s Sunset Boulevard has extended its run. The Lonny Price-directed production, which stars Glenn Close, will now play through June 25 at the Palace Theatre, instead of the previously announced May 28.Close received the 1995 Tony Award for Best Actress in a Musical for her performance as Norma Desmond. In addition to Close, Michael Xavier, Siobhan Dillon and Fred Johanson reprise their performances from the recent English National Opera engagement. Rounding out the company are Nancy Anderson, Mackenzie Bell, Preston Truman Boyd, Barry Busby, Britney Coleman, Julian Decker, Anissa Felix, Drew Foster, David Hess, Brittney Johnson, Katie Ladner, Stephanie Martignetti, Lauralyn McClelland, T. Oliver Reid, Lance Roberts, Stephanie Rothenberg, Graham Rowat, Paul Schoeffler, Andy Taylor, Sean Thompson, Matt Wall and Jim Walton. The semi-staged production features a 40-piece orchestra.Based on the 1950 Billy Wilder film of the same name and featuring a score by Lloyd Webber and a book and lyrics by Christopher Hampton and Don Black, the show follows Norma Desmond, a faded silent film star who seduces Joe Gillis (Xavier), a struggling screenwriter, into working on the film she believes will put her back into the spotlight. View Comments Sunset Boulevardcenter_img Show Closed This production ended its run on June 25, 2017 Related Showslast_img read more

Seven Sunset Summits in Western North Carolina

first_imgFew things cap off a long day in the mountains like catching the perfect sunset from your favorite summit. The Blue Ridge is known for spectacular sunsets and Western North Carolina is no exception. From the high country of Boone and Blowing Rock to the far western reaches of the state where the Smoky Mountains meet the Nantahala National Forest, Western North Carolina is renowned for its breathtaking viewpoints, most of which make for an ideal spot to catch an Appalachian sunset. Read on to find out about seven of our all-time favorite sunset summits in Western North Carolina.Tennent MountainThis mountain sits in the Great Balsam Range within Pisgah National Forest and is accessed via a relatively easy hike on the Art Loeb Trail. Named for Gaillard Stoney Tennent, who is said to have organized early hiking in Western North Carolina, Tennent Mountain falls into the grassy bald classification of southern mountains, meaning it’s completely devoid of all tree growth. Some biologists disagree about the origins of grassy balds like Tennent Mountain, but one thing’s for certain—they make for ideal vantage points from which to view sunrises and sunsets. Learn more about the location of Tennent Mountain here!Screen shot 2015-09-09 at 1.08.00 PMPhoto Courtesy of Steve Yocom.Craggy PinnacleOne of the many go-to spots off the Blue Ridge Parkway, Craggy Pinnacle requires a mild uphill pull (1.4 mile roundtrip) but rewards hikers with stunning 360 degree views of the surrounding mountains and valleys. This 5,982 foot summit offers views of Mount Mitchell, the tallest peak east of the Mississippi, to the north, the winding Blue Ridge Parkway to the south, and the Asheville water reservoir to the east. To get there from Asheville drive north on the Blue Ridge Parkway for about 18 miles. Find out more here.11022578_10105668023821689_861597013051335319_oPhoto by Travis HallBlue Ridge PinnacleAlso located off the Blue Ridge Parkway, the Blue Ridge Pinnacle (or Pinnacle as it appears on most maps) is a lesser known gem that offers unrivaled views and—because it has no apparent signage and is omitted from most guide books—a sense of mountain solitude. To find the trail head for the Blue Ridge Pinnacle continue past the Craggy Pinnacle parking area and beyond the entrance of Mount Mitchell State Park until you see a yellow gate blocking an old forest service road on your right hand side. This is the old Mount Mitchell Toll Road. Park wherever you can and pick up the trail head on the other side of the yellow gate. It will lead on a steep jaunt to the wide-open, rocky summit of the Blue Ridge Pinnacle. Click here for more info.FullSizeRender-2Photo by Travis HallHump MountainThis grassy bald  can be found in the Roan Highlands near the border of North Carolina and Tennessee. It is traversed by the Appalachian Trail and, like many of the sunset summits on our list, provides a stunning 360 degree panoramic view of the surrounding landscape. For detailed directions click here.Screen Shot 2015-09-09 at 12.29.11 PMPhoto Courtesy of Steve Yocom.Frying Pan MountainRising high above the East Fork Pigeon River Valley at an elevation of 5,340 feet, Frying Pan Mountain is yet another lesser known summit easily accessed from the Blue Ridge Parkway. From the summit, hikers are afforded spectacular views of Cold Mountain and the Shining Rock Ridge, but what makes frying pan stand apart from its Blue Ridge counterparts is the 20th century fire lookout tower located at the summit. Though decommissioned in the 1990s, this 70-plus foot lookout tower remains open to the public. Learn more here.Screen Shot 2015-09-09 at 12.13.12 PMPhoto by Dusty AllisonSam KnobSam Knob is the only 6,000 foot sunset summit on our list. Accessible year round via the Shining Rock or Middle Prong Wilderness, this mountain is known as one of the most outstanding vistas in all of Western North Carolina. Because the summit was logged bare at the turn of the 20th century, Sam Knob is home to a subalpine environment, perfect for sprawling views of the mountains and valleys below. Learn more here.Screen Shot 2015-09-09 at 1.18.07 PMPhoto by Travis HallWayah Bald Lookout TowerAt an elevation of 5,342, the Wayah Bald Lookout is perched high in the mountains of the Nantahala National Forest near the town of Franklin, North Carolina. The stone fire tower atop this summit was built by the Civilian Conservation Corps in the 1937 and decommissioned sometime in 1945. Conveniently situated at the intersection of the Appalachian Trail and the Bartram Trail, the observation tower offer sprawling views into the Smoky Mountains of Tennessee and the Georgia Blue Ridge. Learn more here.Screen Shot 2015-09-09 at 12.01.52 PMPhoto Courtesy of Serge Skiba.last_img read more

Summer Road Trips: For The Music Lovers

first_imgLocation: Southwest VirginiaDistance: 196 milesDriver: Daniel DavisGuitarist and lead vocalist, Folk Soul RevivalBristol, VA.“I like the idea that this is the birthplace of country music, that I can be part of a community where that all started and is still considered a place where real country music comes from, as opposed to a lot of the stuff they call ‘country’ on the radio. It’s nice to be close to those roots.”Day 1  |  20 miles | Wise – Saint PaulYour trip down country music memory lane begins about as far west in Virginia as you can go before you hit the Kentucky state line. First stop: the town of Wise, Virginia. Just 10 miles from Daniel Davis’ hometown of Coeburn, Va., Wise is near the westernmost terminus of Virginia’s Heritage Music Trail, the 333-mile-long Crooked Road. Of The Crooked Road’s nine major historical music venues, Country Cabin II is just down the road from Wise in Norton, Va. The cabin regularly hosts classes on traditional Appalachian pastimes like clogging and in-line dancing as well as its annual Dock Boggs Festival in September.In Wise proper, roots lovers should be sure to check out the RTE 23 Music Festival, which is set to take place August 25 this year. This homegrown festival has built a tremendous following since its inception in 2014 and has become a staple event in the region. In the evening, head east to the up-and-coming town of Saint Paul, Va., located on the Clinch River. Sugar Hill Brewing Company makes great beer and serves southern inspired pub eats. For a truly local dining experience, head over to Southwest Virginia native Chef Travis Milton’s new restaurant, Milton’s, located in the super chic Western Front Hotel. After a sumptuous meal of chicken fried bacon, leather britches, and sausage and kraut, head upstairs to one of the hotel’s hip rooms, starting around $109 per night.Day 2  |  42 miles | Saint Paul — BristolOn day two, make the hour-long trek south to the border town of Bristol Virginia/Tennessee. After you stop to take your obligatory selfie with the Bristol sign on State Street, check out The Birthplace of Country Music Museum ($13 per person). This thoughtfully curated museum, which is an affiliate of the Smithsonian Institution, takes visitors through Bristol’s music history, from the 1927 Bristol Sessions recordings to today.If you really want to get the most bang for your buck this trip, time your visit to coincide with Brisol’s pride and joy, Bristol Rhythm & Roots Reunion (September 21-23). You can catch Bristol-based Folk Soul Revival here performing their newest self-titled album, which is set to go live late August. Thunder Mountain Campground is your best bet for camping, unless there’s a race (the campground is adjacent to Bristol Motor Speedway). Holston River Brewing Company is located on-site and shuttles will be offered for guests staying here during Rhythm & Roots.Thought not located in Bristol, The Carter Family Fold Memorial Music Center is nearby and one of the region’s most important cultural sites. The annual Carter Festival takes place August 3 this year, but the intimate venue also has shows every week featuring the likes of Ralph Stanley II and the Clinch Mountain Boys and Appalachia Rising.Day 3  |  134 miles | Bristol — FloydYou could easily hop on the interstate and zip up to Floyd, Va., in two hours, but if you’re more of a Sunday drive kind of road tripper (which, we trust you are), take the aptly named Crooked Road along U.S. Route 58. You’ll wind through the charming town of Damascus and up through Mount Rogers National Recreation Area and Grayson Highlands State Park. Once the road straightens out, be on the lookout for Galax, home of Rex Theater and the Old Fiddlers’ Convention (August 6-11), the world’s oldest and largest gathering of fiddlers.Once in Floyd, head down to The Floyd Country Store, which holds a Friday Night Jamboree, Saturday Americana Afternoons, and Sunday jam sessions year-round. The timeless setting of the country store makes the whole experience feel like a big family reunion. Before you hit the road headed home, stop in for wood-fired pizza, craft beer, and more live music at Dogtown Roadhouse & The Sun Music Hall.last_img read more

Mint Farmingdale Split-level Home Asks $539,000

first_imgSign up for our COVID-19 newsletter to stay up-to-date on the latest coronavirus news throughout New York This fully updated, mint condition split-level home with great curb appeal and a large backyard is listed for sale at 33 Lois Ln. in the Village of Farmingdale.Built in 1956, the three-bedroom, two-bathroom home features an eat-in kitchen, formal dining room, den/office, a partly finished basement and central air conditioning. Outside it has an attached one-car garage, a porch and cement patio.The property is about a mile from downtown Farmingdale, the Farmingdale Long Island Rail Road station and is nearby the Southern State Parkway. It is located in the Farmingdale School District.The asking price is $539,000, not including the annual property taxes of $12,769.An open house is scheduled for 1 to 4 p.m. Saturday, Feb. 24 at the property.The real estate agent listed for the property is John Geldert of Century 21 American Homes. He can be reached at 516-293-2323.last_img read more

CU trades oppose proposal to give NCUA power over servicers

first_imgGranting the NCUA power to examine third-party servicers would give the agency power it does not need, trade groups have told House members considering such legislation.House Financial Services Committee majority staff members are circulating draft legislation granting the agency that power as part of the work by the panel’s Task Force on Artificial Intelligence.Government watchdog groups have said that other banking regulators have that power, while the NCUA does not.In separate reports last year, the Financial Stability Oversight Council and the Government Accountability Office are warning that additional oversight of servicers—particularly fintech companies—is needed to guard against abuses. ShareShareSharePrintMailGooglePinterestDiggRedditStumbleuponDeliciousBufferTumblr continue reading »last_img read more

Lilly COVID-19 treatment could be authorized for use as soon as September: Chief scientist

first_imgCoronavirus vaccines being developed and tested at unprecedented speed are not likely to be ready before the end of the year at the earliest.Earlier this month, Lilly announced it had initiated patient testing for two separate antibody treatments. One currently designated LY-CoV555 is being developed in partnership with Canadian biotech AbCellera. The other, JS016, it being developed with Chinese drugmaker Shanghai Junshi Biosciences.Both work by blocking part of the virus’ so-called spike protein that it uses to enter human cells and replicate.Lilly’s third antibody treatment candidate acts on a different part of the virus and will most likely be tested in combination with one or both of the others, Skovronsky said.The drugmaker, however, said it has a strong preference to develop a treatment that can work well in COVID-19 patients as a stand alone, as manufacturing these type of drugs, which are typically administered by infusion, is a complex process and capacity is limited.”It’s good to have two antibodies. The downside is that manufacturing is precious. We have limited manufacturing capacity. If two antibodies are required, half as many people will get treated,” Skovronsky said. “So our goal is to see if we can do one antibody at as low a dose as possible.”Lilly will have the capacity to make hundreds of thousands of doses by the end of the year if it can treat COVID-19 patients using a single antibody drug rather than with a combination, he said.Preventing the disease with these type of drugs presents a different manufacturing challenge entirely.”Global capacity for antibodies is just not high enough that we could ever think about adequate doses” for “billions of people in the prophylactic setting,” Skovronsky said.The better solution is to widely inoculate people with COVID-19 vaccines when available, and reserve antibody treatments for people who have the disease or were recently exposed to it.They could also help vulnerable populations where vaccines are less effective, such as nursing home patients, he said.Lilly hopes to conduct a COVID-19 prevention clinical trial in nursing home patients later this year, he added.The Indianapolis-based drugmaker plans to produce the medicines in plants in Kinsale, Ireland and New Jersey, and is willing to use its capacity to help manufacture another company’s successful treatment, should Lilly’s fail in clinical trails.Lilly is continuing to screen for antibodies through its partnership with AbCellera, which is working with the US National Institutes of Health to identify promising compounds, Skovronsky said.  Eli Lilly and Co could have a drug specifically designed to treat COVID-19 authorized for use as early as September if all goes well with either of two antibody therapies it is testing, its chief scientist told Reuters on Wednesday.Lilly is also doing preclinical studies of a third antibody treatment for the illness caused by the new coronavirus that could enter human clinical trials in the coming weeks, Chief Scientific Officer Daniel Skovronsky said in an interview.Lilly has already launched human trials with two of the experimental therapies. Topics :center_img The drugs belong to a class of biotech medicines called monoclonal antibodies widely used to treat cancer, rheumatoid arthritis and many other conditions. A monoclonal antibody drug developed against COVID-19 is likely to be more effective than repurposed medicines currently being tested against the virus.Skovronsky said the therapies – which may also be used to prevent the disease – could beat a vaccine to widespread use as a COVID-19 treatment, if they prove effective.”For the treatment indication, particularly, this could go pretty fast,” he said in an interview. “If in August or September we’re seeing the people who got treated are not progressing to hospitalization, that would be powerful data and could lead to emergency use authorization.””So that puts you in the fall time: September, October, November is not unreasonable,” he said.last_img read more

US man ordered to stop spreading HIV

first_img Share Share 244 Views   no discussions Tweet Sharing is caring!center_img HealthInternationalLifestylePrint US man ordered to stop spreading HIV by: – September 12, 2014 Share Coloured transmission electron micrograph (TEM) of HIV particles (small, round) on the membrane of a host CD4+ lymphocyte white blood cell (red).Roughly 16% of the 1.1 million Americans living with the HIV virus do not know they are infectedA Seattle judge has ordered an HIV-positive man to stop spreading the disease and to seek treatment after he infected eight people in four years.The man, known only as “AO” in court documents, is required to show up for counselling and to protect future sexual partners.Officials maintain they are not trying to criminalise sexual activity but to protect public health.The man could face fines or jail time if he does not comply.About 50,000 people in the US are newly infected with HIV every year, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). About 16% of the 1.1 million people living with the virus do not know they are infected.AO tested positive for HIV in 2008 and spread the virus to at least eight people in 2010-14, according to court documents viewed by local news media.He had done so despite receiving HIV counselling – including how to practise safe sex – five times, the Seattle Times reports.In a statement, the King County Public Health department said it had only sought a cease-and-desist order against an HIV-positive individual once before, in 1993.“We’re not trying to criminalise sexual behaviour here,” Dr Matthew Golden, director of public health at the county’s HIV programme, told the Seattle Times.“We are trying to protect the public’s health. And we’re trying to make sure that everyone gets the care they need, including the person involved in this.”BBC Newslast_img read more