New drive to fight polio in Africa

first_imgMore than 85 million children under the age of five in West and Central Africa will receive polio vaccination. (Image: www.academic.sun.ac.za) MEDIA CONTACTS • Martin Dawes  UNICEF West and Central Africa +221 77 569 [email protected] ARTICLES • Malaria cases halved in SA • On the trail of polio viruses • ‘The end of meningitis in Africa’ • High-price vaccine for all SA kids Bongani NkosiA massive campaign to eradicate a year-long polio epidemic in West and Central Africa will kick off on 6 March, global health bodies announced recently.The organisations, joining forces as the Global Polio Eradication Initiative (GPEI), are hoping to immunise more than 85-million children under the age of five in 19 West and Central African countries. GPEI includes governments, the World Health Organisation (WHO), Rotary International, the US Centres for Disease Control and Prevention and Unicef.The campaign will kick off in Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Chad, Guinea, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Senegal and Sierra Leone – countries that have experienced polio outbreaks in the last six months – as well as in Nigeria, Ghana, Benin, Central African Republic, Gambia, Cape Verde and Guinea Bissau.Vaccinations in Niger, Togo and Cote d’Ivoire will be done at a later date due to impending elections in those states.The scope of the new campaign is significant because previous attempts in 2009 failed to reach enough children, and so the outbreak persisted.Over 400 000 volunteers and health workers from different organisations have been called on to administer two drops of the oral polio vaccine (OPV) to each child in the 19 countries on 6 March. The “dedicated army” will work for about 12 hours flat, going to every household on either foot, bicycle, car, boat or motorcycle.“With better coverage that leaves no child unvaccinated, these campaigns can succeed in making West and Central Africa polio-free,” Unicef regional director Dr Gianfranco Rotigliano said in a statement released on 4 March.“Hundreds of volunteers from our Red Cross and Red Crescent National Societies will ensure that polio drops reach every last child,” said Anders Naucler, health coordinator for the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies in West and Central Africa. “That is our challenge and that will be the measure of our success.”Building immunityVaccinations will be repeated in the 19 countries on 24 April, but children in Burkina Faso, Guinea, Liberia, Mauritania, Senegal and Sierra Leone – where the recent outbreaks have occurred – will receive an additional dose on 26 March as part of a new Short Interval Additional Dose strategy “that has proven successful in rapidly building population immunity where needed”, according to Unicef.The new campaign is an aspect of an ongoing initiative to fight the epidemic that broke out in Nigeria in 2008. It then spread to its neighbouring countries, which were previously polio-free, and to Central Africa, said GPEI.After battling to contain the spread, health organisations, working with health ministries in the affected countries, introduced new approaches which include a scheme to monitor how many children have been reached, better training for vaccinators and appropriate use of experienced staff.Dr Luis Gomes Sambo, WHO regional director for Africa, said the campaign shows Africa‘s determination to be free of polio. “From the top leadership to local district administrators in every country we are each accountable to the African child. [We have] to vaccinate every child and achieve high coverage.”Funding from Rotary Rotary International, which boasts about 1.2-million volunteers worldwide, has donated US$30-million (R223-million) to fund the campaign.“We are proud to have provided the funding necessary for the March rounds and we call on others to play their part in making Africa polio-free by providing funding necessary for more high-coverage campaigns,” said Ambroise Tshimbalanga-Kasongo, who chairs the organisation’s Africa Regional PolioPlus Committee.last_img read more

World Cup background resources

first_imgAll you need to know about the 2010 Fifa World Cup in one place: media toolkit, host cities, stadiums, a history of the tournament, the lowdown on South Africa’s national squad, team statistics, photographs, information on Fan Fests, health, transport … 2010 Fifa World Cup journalist’s toolkit The journalist’s toolkit provides media professionals with comprehensive in-depth background information, statistics, facts, figures and more with over 60 detailed official documents on the 2010 Fifa World Cup. Read more …  2010 Fifa World Cup host cities Nine South African cities are host to the 2010 Fifa World Cup, with the tournament’s 64 matches being played in 10 stadiums, two in Johannesburg and one in each of the other cities. Read more …   2010 Fifa World Cup stadiums Get facts, figures and photographs on the 10 stadiums hosting the 64 matches of the 2010 Fifa World Cup, five of which were built from scratch and one of them – Soccer City, the event’s showpiece – having undergone a massive upgrade to make it the largest stadium in Africa. Read more …   A brief history of the Fifa World Cup A lot happened in 1930. Constantinople was renamed Istanbul, the planet Pluto was discovered, and Agatha Christie’s first Miss Marple novel was published. And world football as we know it emerged with the first Fifa World Cup in Uruguay. Read more …   A brief history of Bafana Bafana South Africa’s national football team, Bafana Bafana (“The Boys”), has a relatively short international history, only playing its first match in 1992 – two years before the country’s first democratic elections. Read more …   Download the 2010 Fifa World Cup Fan Guide Download the 2010 Fifa World Cup Organising Committee’s comprehensive 92-page guide to the tournament, packed with information on stadiums, host cities, fan parks, transport, health, safety and much more. Read more …   2010 Fifa World Cup team statistics Get to know the 32 teams competing in South Africa’s 2010 Fifa World Cup: the matches they’ll be playing, their past performances in the tournament, their countries as footballing nations and much more. Read more …   2010 Fifa World Cup final squads The final 23 players for the 32 squads competing in South Africa’s 2010 Fifa World Cup were announced after the deadline for confirmed teams passed on 1 June. Get the low-down on the 736 footballers battling it out for sport’s biggest trophy. Read more …   2010 Fifa World Cup image library The 2010 Fifa World Cup section of the MediaClubSouthAfrica.com image library has been completely revamped, with hundreds of new, specially commissioned high-resolution photographs of the stadiums, fans, teams and celebrations. Read more …   25 questions on the 2010 Fifa World Cup Whether you plan to be watching the games in a stadium or fan park on the southern tip of Africa, or on the screen back home, here are the answers to 25 frequent questions about the 2010 Fifa World Cup, and the host country. Read more …   Football in South Africa Football is the most widely played sport in South Africa, and the quality of the local game keeps improving – as demonstrated by the increasing number of South African players-in-exile among the glamorous European clubs. Read more …   Sport in South Africa South Africa has a proud sporting history, and its people hold many world records and titles across a host of disciplines, on both an individual and team level. The country is also renowned for its successful hosting of major sporting events. Read more …   2010 Fifa World Cup Fan Fest guide Fan Fests – massive, open-air big-screen gatherings to watch Fifa World Cup matches – attracted more than 18-million people at the 2006 Fifa World Cup in Germany. Now it’s South Africa’s turn to throw its own world-sized football parties. Read more …  The vuvuzela: Bafana’s 12th man Some find it quite annoying, and others even want it banned from stadiums, but South Africans love it dearly: it spurs the crowds on and is the very best local way to show support for Bafana Bafana – it’s the vuvuzela, and it’s here to stay. Read more …  Flying the South African flagThe 2010 Fifa World Cup has hit South Africa, and the country’s striking six-colour national flag is everywhere – wrapped around buildings, on car windows and rear-view mirrors, lining the highways and flying outside homes from suburbs to townships. Read more …  80 pieces of World Cup triviaThe first Fifa World Cup was played in 1930 in Uruguay, where the winning home squad were awarded the Victory trophy. The 1950 Fifa World Cup had no official final match. Be the know-it-all in the stadium during 2010 with our guide to World Cup trivia. Read more …   2010 Fifa World Cup guide to transport Fans attending 2010 Fifa World Cup matches need to have a clear idea of how they are going to get to the stadium, and back. Find out all you need to know about transport arrangements for the World Cup. Read more …   2010 Fifa World Cup health facilities The South African government has assured fans that the country’s health facilities – both hospitals and clinics – are ready for the 2010 Fifa World Cup, and will provide health services of an international standard. Read more …   Download the Traveller’s Guide to Customs The South African Revenue Service has released a handy guide to customs requirements when entering and leaving the country for the 300 000 international visitors expected for the 2010 Fifa World Cup. Read more …  Galleries 2010 Fifa World Cup Stadiums Nelson Mandela meets Bafana Bafana Launch of the Gautrain Tight security for the 2010 Fifa World Cup 30 days to Fifa World Cup Soccer City workers 100 days to kickoff The People’s Bus Beetle mania Nelson Mandela Bay Stadiumlast_img read more

USDA Reports Review

first_imgShare Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest By Dana MantiniDTN Senior AnalystThe March USDA World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates (WASDE) report was not expected to be a market-mover, as it is typically less volatile than the January report, which was released in combination with the February report due to the government shutdown. Although there were some surprises, the futures price action post-report resulted in little change. Shortly after the report, soybeans renewed their bearish move lower, fueled not only by bearish supply-and-demand news, but also fund and technical selling. Despite the bearish change to both corn and wheat markets, the post-report price move was negligible, as it appears that bearishness was already factored into prices.Key changes in the report were a higher-than-expected reduction in both U.S. wheat and corn exports. Following some minor tweaks in wheat imports and feed use, and an expected decline in corn for ethanol usage, wheat ending stocks rose 45 million bushels (mb) and corn ending stocks were up 100 mb from February — primarily on expectations of slowing demand due to lower-priced competitors.Closing futures prices as of March 8 had May corn down 1 cent per bushel and December corn down 1/2 cent. May soybeans were down 6 3/4 cents and November beans were down 6 cents. Chicago May wheat was up 1 1/4 cents, while Chicago July wheat was up 2 1/2 cents. Kansas City May wheat was up 3 1/4 cents per bushel, with new-crop Kansas City July up 3 1/4 cents. Minneapolis May wheat was down 3 3/4 cents, with new-crop September down 2 3/4 cents on increased spring wheat carryout of 27 million bushels, and new crop.Here is a closer look at USDA’s latest estimates:CORNU.S corn ending stocks were raised by 100 mb (greater than expected) to 1.835 billion bushels (bb) versus an average pre-report trade estimate of 1.755 bb. The combination of a 25 mb reduction in corn used for ethanol to 5.550 bb and a 75 mb reduction in U.S. exports to 2.375 bb led to the gain. While most expected ethanol to move lower, few expected such a large decrease in exports. That was likely attributed to much larger and cheaper South American supplies. The season average price received by producers was lowered 5 cents to $3.55 per bushel.U.S. sorghum exports were lowered by 15 mb to 85 mb — the lowest since 2012-13 — and sorghum used for ethanol was lowered 5 mb. Offsetting that was an increase of 20 mb in feed and residual.World corn production was raised for India and lowered 500,000 metric tons (mt) to 11 million metric tons (511.7 mb) for South Africa. Corn exports were raised for Argentina (up 1 mmt) and Ukraine (up 500,000 mt) as U.S. exports were lowered. China’s ending stocks fell by 3 mmt (66.1 mb) — all attributed to higher feed usage. The net effect is that world ending corn stocks fell by 1.25 mmt from February to 308.53 mmt (12.1 bb).In addition to the 100 mb increase in U.S. ending stocks, should the WASDE projections for South America be realized, they would have production of 26.5 million metric tons (1.043 bb) more than last year.SOYBEANSThere were few changes in U.S. soybeans, with the 10 mb increase in domestic crush leading to the 10 mb decline in U.S. ending stocks to a still-record and burdensome 900 mb — close to what was expected pre-report.World soybean stocks increased by nearly 1 mmt to 107.17 mmt (3.94 bb), with a decrease in Brazilian soy production of 500,000 mt to 116.5 mmt (4.28 bb) and a decrease in China’s crush of 1 mmt. China imports were left unchanged. There are many in the trade who are doubtful that such a pace can be achieved with the ongoing spread of the African swine fever and its demand impact, as well as the ongoing trade issues with China, the top soy importer.The net effect of the March report for soybeans — though the changes were small — reinforces the ongoing saga of huge supplies.WHEATThe March USDA report led to a 45 mb larger ending stocks number than expected — about 20 mb higher than pre-report estimates. The increase was comprised mostly of a reduction in U.S. wheat exports by 35 mb, with the other 10 mb gain from an increase in imports of 5 mb and a reduction of 5 mb in food use. The season average farm price range was narrowed to $5.10 to $5.20, down 10 cents on the high side.World wheat ending stocks were raised by 3 mmt to 270.53 mmt (9.94 bb), with India’s decrease in consumption of 3 mmt being primarily responsible for the change. Larger EU and Brazil exports were offset by lower U.S. exports. Lower production forecasts for both Iraq and Kazakhstan were also featured.The gist of the USDA report on wheat was overall bearish as U.S. carryout approaches a surplus 1.1 bb. However, the recent 90-cent drop in futures prices in the past four weeks has likely already factored in the missed opportunities for U.S. wheat exports, hence the higher close on report day.Dana Mantini can be reached at [email protected] him on Twitter at @mantini_r(BE/AG)© Copyright 2019 DTN/The Progressive Farmer. All rights reserved.last_img read more

a month agoRoma coach Fonseca happy with goalscorer Dzeko for Sassuolo win

first_imgRoma coach Fonseca happy with goalscorer Dzeko for Sassuolo winby Carlos Volcanoa month agoSend to a friendShare the loveAS Roma coach Paulo Fonseca was delighted with Edin Dzeko for the win over Sassuolo.Dzeko struck in the 4-2 victory.Fonseca said, “I spoke to Edin Dzeko a great deal during pre-season. He is a very important player. He scored a goal today, could’ve had more, but he is an excellent forward.“We changed a few things this evening. Pellegrini played as a trequartista. With Jordan Veretout and Mkhitaryan, we’ve got a better capacity for maintaining possession. Everyone played well today.“I tell everyone to press high and that is an important element. It worked well this evening. That does mean running some risks, but the high press is important and, when done well, actually gives you fewer risks in defence.” About the authorCarlos VolcanoShare the loveHave your saylast_img read more

Day 1 Of March Madness Was Weirdly Normal

950%21.00 Total164.22 113610.41 SEEDEXPECTED UPSET RATEGAMESEXPECTED UPSETSACTUAL UPSETS OPENING DAY 2017 103910.40 The first day of March Madness was anything but mad. Better-seeded teams went 14-2 on the day, and even the “surprises” were relatively easy to see coming: The higher-seeded teams’ two losses came at the hands of Middle Tennessee State (the South’s No. 12 seed) and Xavier (No. 11 in the West), both of which were among the most popular upset picks of the first round. (Our March Madness predictions had each game as a toss-up.) All told, the NCAA hadn’t seen a chalkier opening day since 2000, when the superior seeds went 15-1 after the tournament launched.VIDEO: A No. 16 seed will win, but don’t bet on it 141610.20 15610.10 16020.00 132040.80 Expected upset rates are based on winning percentage in all first-round games for each seed from 1985-2016.Source: Sports-Reference.com 123641.41 March Madness tipped off with a dose of sanity That kind of normalcy is not why we tune in to the tournament! Annoyed that I watched 12 consecutive hours of basketball with so little chaos to show for it, I started to wonder whether we have overblown expectations of unpredictability in March Madness. Are most days actually like Thursday, but we only remember the last-second shots and the scrappy Cinderellas?No — Thursday really was different. This year featured 2.2 fewer upsets than expected, which makes it second only to 2000 in terms of uneventful opening days during the tournament’s 64-team era. To get those numbers, I looked at the historical upset rates for each seed,1Starting in 1985, when the NCAA tournament expanded to a 64-team bracket, and going through 2016. taking into account which games were played on Thursday.But despite their disappointing record, underdogs kept the score relatively close in 2017’s opening-day games. In terms of average scoring margin, this year tied for the ninth-most-respectable showing by worse-seeded teams on an opening day of the tournament — on par with days where fans saw six or seven upsets.In other words, a lucky bounce here or there could have made all the difference for Thursday’s long shots. Maybe that means good, old-fashioned madness will be restored to its rightful place on Day 2 of the tourney. Then again, analyzing other second-day games using the same method as above suggests that Friday should be less upset-y (3.9 expected upsets) than Thursday was supposed to be. Somebody free us from this prison of predictability! read more

Zaha can become Crystal Palace icon – Hodgson

first_imgCrystal Palace manager Roy Hodgson believes Wilfried Zaha can become an important icon of the club.Hodgson believes Zaha can emulate the cult-hero status of players like Matt Le Tissier at Southampton and Ryan Giggs at Manchester United.The former England head coach believes there’s more to football achievements than winning trophies citing Le Tissier as the prime example.Zaha recently ended speculation surrounding his club future by putting pen to paper on a new five-year deal to remain with his boyhood club until 2023.Asked if Zaha has the credentials to become Palace’s answer to the ex-Saints star, Hodgson said: “I have an enormous respect for Matt Le Tissier.” According to Daily Mail.“That would have been a career I’d have been unbelievably proud of, to have a career at one club and to be as much of an icon and to be as well-loved and as well respected at that club as he is, and furthermore to have the respect of everyone in football.”Wilfried Zaha, Crystal PalaceHodgson praises “mature” response from Wilfried Zaha Manuel R. Medina – September 12, 2019 Crystal Palace and player Wilfried Zaha wanted to part ways this summer, but in the end, the footballer was not sold but his response was very mature.“I don’t know anyone in football who has ever said anything other than that Matt Le Tissier was a fantastic player, fantastic person, and a fantastic club servant.”“That is not such a bad thing to have people say about you when your career is over. I would have been very happy with that.”Hodgson also believes Zaha can meet all his career goals at Palace.Speaking ahead of Monday’s Premier League clash with Liverpool at Selhurst Park, the former England boss said:“I hope so. The fact is that there was a time when being at a club for a long time and serving that club very well and helping that club to do very well was enough for people.”last_img read more

20th Annual Veterans Job Fair

Aquaman spinoff The Trench to bring more underwater adventures

last_img

Researchers create Frankenstein malware made up of common gadgets

first_imgHigh-level architecture of Frankenstein. Image: Kevin W. Hamlen More information: Kevin W. Hamlen’s page: www.utdallas.edu/~hamlen/research.htmlPress release (Phys.org)—In the ever ongoing struggle between good and evil, or in this case, the battle between those that create malware and those that seek to detect and destroy it, the good guys appear to have mimicked the bad by creating a computer virus that can evade detection by building itself from pieces of code that normally reside harmlessly on people’s computers. The result, the team of Vishwath Mohan and Kevin Hamlen of the University of Texas, say, is a cyber version of Frankenstein’s monster. © 2012 Phys.org Citation: Researchers create ‘Frankenstein’ malware made up of common gadgets (2012, August 21) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2012-08-frankenstein-malware-common-gadgets.html Bitdefender researchers find evidence of viruses infecting worms creating new form of malware Explore further The research, which was partly funded by the US Air Force, was described to attendees at this year’s USENIX Workshop on Offensive Technologies. There the team said their aim in creating the malware was to see if it might be possible to create a virus that is made up of nothing but gadgets, snippets of code used by such commonly installed programs as Internet Explorer or Notepad. Theoretical research over the past several years suggested it could be done. The overall purpose of such a project would be to see if using the technique could result in the creation of a virus that could not be detected by conventional anti-virus programs. And it seems the answer is yes, though the malware the team created isn’t a virus in the technical sense because it doesn’t cause any harm, it’s merely a proof of concept. Their code resulted in the creation of new code made from gadgets that ran two harmless algorithms. But, of course, those algorithms could just as easily been very, very harmful. One of the more clever aspects of the code the team created was the part where the original kernel, the part that infects the computer, was itself modified and caused to look like part of a normal gadget, thus, leaving no trace of itself to be found. The point, of course, in creating new kinds of malware is to help people on the right side of the law stay one step ahead of those that hide in the dark toiling in earnest to conceive and construct ever more malevolent software that once unleashed might prey on others and do their bidding. Getting there first allows researchers time to build ways to circumvent such malware before the bad guys figure out how to do it themselves. In this case, some have suggested the best way to detect the new so-called undetectable malware is by creating security software that is able to detect objectionable behavior by code, rather than scanning it for identifying markers, which is how virtually all anti-virus software currently find infections on computer systems. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.last_img read more

Model shows how surge in wealth inequality may be reversed

last_img