Each year, LOCKN’ reveals its lineup day-by-day, adding pieces of the lineup puzzle daily until the full bill is completed. Following its first lineup announcement yesterday, the exciting reveal of Dead & Company as headliners on both Saturday and Sunday night of the festival, today, LOCKN’ has added yet another beloved artist to its 2018 lineup; Baltimore-based funk-jam ensemble, Pigeons Playing Ping Pong, is the second artist to be announced by the festival.The group will play on Saturday afternoon ahead of Dead & Company’s debut at the four-day music festival, which will take place in Arrington, VA at Infinity Downs Farm from August 23 through 26. An act off the festival’s lineup will continue to be revealed daily until the final and complete bill is released on February 8th. For more information about LOCKN’ or for ticketing, head over to the event’s website here.[Photo: Gary Sheer]
Atmospheric scientists at the Harvard School of Engineering and Applied Sciences (SEAS) and Nanjing University have produced the first “bottom-up” estimates of China’s carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions, for 2005 to 2009, and the first statistically rigorous estimates of the uncertainties surrounding China’s CO2 emissions.The independent estimates, rooted in part in measurements of pollutants both at the sources and in the air, may be the most accurate totals to date. The resulting figures offer an unbiased basis on which China might measure its progress toward its well-publicized CO2 control goals.The findings were published July 4 in the journal Atmospheric Environment.“China’s emissions of CO2 are of central concern in efforts to combat global climate change,” says lead author Yu Zhao, a former postdoctoral researcher at SEAS who is now a professor at the Nanjing University School of the Environment in China. “But despite all of the attention to China’s CO2 emissions, they’re less well-quantified than most people realize.”Existing estimates for these emissions are calculated “top-down,” based on annual energy statistics that are released by the Chinese government. The nation has only once officially estimated its CO2 emissions, based on national energy statistics from 1994, although it is now constructing a data system to produce periodic national greenhouse gas inventories. Non-Chinese organizations, such as the U.S. Department of Energy and the Netherlands Environment Agency, produce widely cited CO2 estimates for China (among other countries), but these are also based on the national energy data.A study published last month by a China–U.K.–U.S. team in Nature Climate Change spotlighted a large disparity in estimates of Chinese CO2 emissions when the numbers were based on national energy statistics versus summed provincial data. To illustrate the contrast, those researchers had applied a standardized U.N. protocol for estimating the emissions of any developing country by sector.The new Harvard–Nanjing study goes deeper, however, constructing a “bottom-up” emission inventory that is specific to China’s energy and technology mix. It combines the results of Chinese field studies of CO2 emissions from diverse combustion processes with a plant-by-plant data set for power generation, independent research on transportation and rural biomass use, and provincial-level energy statistics for the remaining sectors.The Harvard-Nanjing team believes provincial energy data to be more accurate than national statistics because the provincial data have been empirically tested in peer-reviewed atmospheric studies that compare the expected emissions of conventional air pollutants to actual instrumental observations by satellites and ground stations. Provincial statistics also take into account the large quantities of coal produced by small, illegal mines.“There are several different ways to estimate emissions of greenhouse gases or air pollutants, from those designed to support policy processes to those made by scientists researching atmospheric transport and chemistry,” explains co-author Chris Nielsen, executive director of the Harvard China Project, which is based at SEAS.The former methods suit the needs of policy, attributing emissions to identifiable sources for actionable controls, but the latter are often more environmentally accurate, according to Nielsen.“The methods used by atmospheric scientists can be more complete, incorporating new research on dispersed sources that are poorly represented in official statistics or weakly targeted by policy — such as the burning of crop wastes in fields or biofuels in poor, rural homes,” Nielsen explains. “The data are also more detailed in spatial terms. This allows a comparison of emission estimates to the pollution levels measured at the surface, or from space, testing the underlying energy data in the process.”The new study capitalizes on prior tests and a bottom-up data framework that has been demonstrated for conventional air pollutants to produce a more thorough estimate of China’s CO2 emissions.The new study also quantifies the uncertainty of the emission totals, applying formal statistical methods. For instance, the team found that the 95 percent confidence interval for the 2005 CO2 estimate lies between −9 percent and +11 percent of the central value. This relatively wide range means that measuring China’s achievement of its national CO2 control targets may be more difficult — and potentially more contentious—than generally recognized by Chinese and international policy actors.“The levels of uncertainty indicate that Chinese domestic frameworks to set control targets for CO2 emissions at scales larger than individual factories, such as provinces or sectors, may reflect unwarranted confidence in the measurability and verifiability of the impacts of policy interventions,” says senior author Michael B. McElroy, Gilbert Butler Professor of Environmental Studies at SEAS.“Such levels of uncertainty aren’t unique to China among developing and emerging economies,” Zhao cautions. “All have less-developed data systems than those that have been built up over decades to serve energy markets and environmental regulation in the United States and other industrialized countries. It’s critical that international agreements to limit CO2 emissions recognize these differences in national data conditions.”Beyond the policy implications, the availability of accurate estimates of China’s CO2 emissions (and the related uncertainties in the data) can improve scientists’ understanding of the global carbon cycle and the physical processes driving global climate change.The work was funded by the National Science Foundation.
For the first time in years, there was not a single mention of housing, real estate or property in the post-monetary policy meeting statement of RBA Governor Philip Lowe on Tuesday, where the collective decision was to hold fast to a cash rate target of 0.25 per cent.With his focus now squarely on ensuring Australia emerges from the coronavirus pandemic with less economic damage than predicted, Mr Lowe confirmed that banks had this week begun drawing on a $90 billion funding facility that should see borrowing costs fall.“The first drawings under the Term Funding Facility were made yesterday. This facility will help lower funding costs across the banking system and provides an incentive for lenders to support credit to businesses, especially small and medium-sized businesses,” he said.“Authorised deposit-taking institutions have access to at least $90 billion in funding under this facility.” Video Player is loading.Play VideoPlayNext playlist itemMuteCurrent Time 0:00/Duration 0:58Loaded: 0%Stream Type LIVESeek to live, currently playing liveLIVERemaining Time -0:58 Playback Rate1xChaptersChaptersDescriptionsdescriptions off, selectedCaptionscaptions settings, opens captions settings dialogcaptions off, selectedQuality Levels720p720pHD432p432p216p216p180p180pAutoA, selectedAudio Tracken (Main), selectedFullscreenThis is a modal window.Beginning of dialog window. Escape will cancel and close the window.TextColorWhiteBlackRedGreenBlueYellowMagentaCyanTransparencyOpaqueSemi-TransparentBackgroundColorBlackWhiteRedGreenBlueYellowMagentaCyanTransparencyOpaqueSemi-TransparentTransparentWindowColorBlackWhiteRedGreenBlueYellowMagentaCyanTransparencyTransparentSemi-TransparentOpaqueFont Size50%75%100%125%150%175%200%300%400%Text Edge StyleNoneRaisedDepressedUniformDropshadowFont FamilyProportional Sans-SerifMonospace Sans-SerifProportional SerifMonospace SerifCasualScriptSmall CapsReset restore all settings to the default valuesDoneClose Modal DialogEnd of dialog window.This is a modal window. This modal can be closed by pressing the Escape key or activating the close button.Close Modal DialogThis is a modal window. This modal can be closed by pressing the Escape key or activating the close button.PlayMuteCurrent Time 0:00/Duration 0:00Loaded: 0%Stream Type LIVESeek to live, currently playing liveLIVERemaining Time -0:00 Playback Rate1xFullscreenHow much do I need to retire?00:58 MORE: Home values rise despite coronavirus fallout Comparison firm Rate City said even though the RBA left its cash rate target on hold, lenders were still slashing mortgage rates.Borrowing is set to get a whole lot cheaper despite the Reserve Bank staring down market pressure to flatline rates in the wake of the coronavirus pandemic. QLD leads with COVID-19 rental assistance First look: Karl and Jasmine’s $3.6m Noosa retreat The cash rate target is teetering on 0.25 per cent with inflation sitting at 1.8 per cent and the Australian dollar currently buying 60 US cents.“The Australian financial system is resilient,” Mr Lowe said. “It is well capitalised and in a strong liquidity position, with these financial buffers available to be drawn down if required to support the economy.”More from newsParks and wildlife the new lust-haves post coronavirus9 hours agoNoosa’s best beachfront penthouse is about to hit the market9 hours agoIn the hours before the announcement the market was pricing in a 57 per cent chance that the cash rate target would be dropped to zero, according to the ASX Cash Rate Tracker.Comparison firm Rate City said even though the RBA left rates on hold, lenders were still slashing, particularly for owner occupiers who had equity in their homes.The country’s largest lender, CBA, dropped its lowest variable rate to 2.79 per cent on Tuesday for customers with at least 20 per cent equity in their property.RateCity.com.au research director Sally Tindall said the best way to get a rate discount was “to turn yourself into a new customer”.“The banks are offering up some of the lowest rates we’ve ever seen. Switching lenders could potentially free up hundreds of dollars per month for people in a position to refinance,” she said.Rate City estimated savings of $289 a month for the average mortgage holder with a $400,000 home loan if they moved to the current lowest fixed rate at 2.09 per cent. FOLLOW SOPHIE FOSTER ON FACEBOOK
“But the effort in defence to keep them out was superb.” Having seen off the Heineken Cup semi-finalists, Warriors now face either Leinster or Ulster in the final on May 31. But Townsend warned: “We’re not finished yet, we still have work to do. “Thankfully we now have two weeks left because if it had been next week, we would have found it tough putting out a team. We have a few bumps and bruises but with a fortnight to prepare, who should be okay.” Varley’s try was only given after referee Marius Mitrea called in the TMO but the visitors were denied a second score on the half hour after Simon Zebo appeared to cross over. However, the TV judge could not get a suitable view of the incident and the try was disallowed. Munster head coach Rob Penney said: “It doesn’t get much worse, obviously the whole squad is very, very disappointed but they gave it a good crack. “The boys really fronted up today, that’s all we asked of them. “But I thought not having an in-goal camera was crucial. I just couldn’t believe it when we looked upstairs and, in a semi-final, there’s no in-goal camera to confirm or deny a try. It was a very crucial part of the game and that blows me away.” Press Association They had to fight back from losing an early score to the Limerick outfit’s hooker Damien Varley but responded with three Finn Russell penalties to lead at the break. Prop Gordon Reid then touched down six minutes after half-time as Russell’s conversion put Glasgow nine points up. But a try by Sean Dougall and a penalty from Ian Keatley saw the visitors close to within a single point. Glasgow stood strong, though, and Townsend said: “That is the proudest moment of my coaching career, without a doubt. “To be involved in a game like that, when the players put everything into it but also show skill and talent, is fantastic. “Munster played top-quality rugby. They came right at us and were 7-0 up when we had the wind behind us. “We knew it would be tough but we played well too. It was important that we got ourselves ahead because Munster have been in these kind of situations a lot over the last 15 years and when they get in front, it’s very tough to get it back. “We just had to keep our discipline. When our lead was cut to just a point, we could easily have given away a penalty just for going offside and cost us the match. The Warriors boss watched his players hang on to claim a narrow 16-15 win against Munster at Scotstoun to make rugby history. Having lost their three previous last-four clashes, Townsend’s team are now the first Scottish side to reach a Pro12 final. Glasgow boss Gregor Townsend said seeing his side book a RaboDirect Pro12 final slot was the proudest moment of his coaching career.