United Bank for Africa PLC (UBA.ng) listed on the Nigerian Stock Exchange under the Banking sector has released it’s 2007 interim results for the first quarter.For more information about United Bank for Africa PLC (UBA.ng) reports, abridged reports, interim earnings results and earnings presentations, visit the United Bank for Africa PLC (UBA.ng) company page on AfricanFinancials.Document: United Bank for Africa PLC (UBA.ng) 2007 interim results for the first quarter.Company ProfileUnited Bank of Africa Plc is a financial services institution in Nigeria offering banking products and services to the personal, commercial and corporate sectors. The company provides a full-service product offering ranging from transactional accounts, overdrafts and mortgage finance to domiciliary deposits, treasury services, asset management services, bonds, money market deposits and risk management solutions. United Bank of Africa Plc supports the agricultural sector through an agricultural credit support scheme which includes agro processing, an outgrowers scheme, equipment and mechanisation scheme and a tree crops replacement scheme. Founded in 1948, the company now has an extensive network of some 1 000 branches in the major towns and cities of Nigeria. Its head office is in Lagos, Nigeria. United Bank of Africa Plc is listed on the Nigerian Stock Exchange
Business and NGO dialogue at World Economic Forum Businesses and non-profits are meeting at the World Economic Forum in Davos, Switzerland to discuss how they might engage in more effective dialogue.Read Business studies how to make links with voluntary sector by Nicola Hill at SocietyGuardian. AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis Howard Lake | 24 January 2001 | News Advertisement About Howard Lake Howard Lake is a digital fundraising entrepreneur. Publisher of UK Fundraising, the world’s first web resource for professional fundraisers, since 1994. Trainer and consultant in digital fundraising. Founder of Fundraising Camp and co-founder of GoodJobs.org.uk. Researching massive growth in giving. 15 total views, 1 views today AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis
News News May 28, 2021 Find out more BelarusEurope – Central Asia May 27, 2021 Find out more June 2, 2021 Find out more RSF at the Belarusian border: “The terrorist is the one who jails journalists and intimidates the public” Russian media boss drops the pretence and defends Belarus crackdown Receive email alerts RSF_en Reporters Without Borders is concerned about recent legislation’s impact on freedom of information in Belarus. A law on “combatting extremism” that took effect in 2007 has opened the way to new forms of censorship and self-censorship that are restricting the media’s already very limited freedom even more.“Either by means of convictions or, more indirectly, by imposing a climate of mistrust leading to self-censorship, the Belarusian authorities are achieving their goal of suppressing critical journalists,” Reporters Without Borders said.“We point out that freedom of information is a fundamental right and that governments must guarantee it and ensure that it is respected. We urge the Belarusian authorities to reconsider their attitude towards independent media.”At the end of last month, the printing company Karandash refused an order from the local office of Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty on the grounds that it was an “extremist” news organization, although there was nothing controversial about the subject of the order.As part of the celebration of a national holiday, RFE/RL wanted Karandash to print maps of a Minsk cemetery showing the locations of the graves of leading figures in Belarusian history. Karandash nonetheless suspected that the maps were designed to promote anti-government unrest.The case confirms the success of the measures taken by the government with the aim promoting mistrust and fear about independent journalism. The charge of extremism has often been used in recent years with serious consequences for media and publishing houses.The conviction of the organizers of the Belarus Press Photo competition and the publisher of its books of photos is a particularly striking example. On 18 April, a district court in Ashmyany, in the western region of Hrodna, ruled that a book containing the 2011 prizewinning photos was “extremist.”As a result, the court ordered 41 copies of the book destroyed and imposed fines of 217,500 roubles (20 euros) on the competition’s organizers – photographers Yulya Darashkevich and Vadim Zamirovski – and on the photographer who won the top prize, Alexander Vasyukovich.And finally, the Lohvinau Publishing House, which produced the 2011 Belarus Press Photo book of photos, was stripped of its licence by the judicial authorities at the information ministry’s request on October.The law on “combatting extremism,” which the House of Representatives passed on 14 December 2006 and President Alexander Lukashenko signed into law just three weeks later, on 4 January 2007, makes no bones about the fact that it is meant to be used for political and authoritarian ends.Organizing, preparing and carrying out activities that belittle the country’s honour and dignity, and activities inciting hooliganism and vandalism for political or ideological motives, are all defined as “extremist” by article 1 of the law.Articles 11 and 12 empower the prosecutor general to suspend activities he regards as extremist and then ask the supreme court to recognize their extremist nature, ban them and close the offices of the organization responsible. Article 14 bans the media from disseminating extremist material and provides for its destruction. All these articles have provided the authorities with a legislative weapon that they can use to pursue their goal of suppressing independent journalism with greater effect. to go further Organisation BelarusEurope – Central Asia Follow the news on Belarus News “We welcome opening of criminal investigation in Lithuania in response to our complaint against Lukashenko” RSF says (Photo : Belarusian Association of Journalists) November 14, 2013 – Updated on January 20, 2016 Law on “extremism” criminalizes independent journalism News Help by sharing this information
Indian journalist wrongly accused of “wantonly” inaccurate reporting Help by sharing this information IndiaAsia – Pacific Receive email alerts RSF_en Reporters Without Borders notes the release on bail on 16 June 2005, of N. Venugopal (photo), managing editor of the Telugu-language bi-monthly Veekshanam, who was arrested on 30 May, along with three other members of the Revolutionary Writers Association (Virasam), Chenchaiah, G. Pinakapani and Ravi Kumar. Police, for a second time, opposed the bail application before the Nizamabad district court.On the morning of 16 June, a petition, signed by more than 100 intellectuals, was handed into the Supreme Court in Andhra Pradesh State in the south-east, urging it to intervene in the case. Other documents were also handed in, including copies of official reports of previous acquittals of writers accused of “conspiracy” and copies of releases from press freedom organisations such as Reporters Without Borders.______________________________________________________10.06.2005Magazine editor arrested in Andhra Pradesh for “waging war against the state”Reporters Without Borders today condemned the prolonged detention of N. Venugopal, the editor of the Telugu-language fortnightly Veekshanam in the southeastern state of Andhra Pradesh, and the conspiracy charge that has been brought against him. Venugopal was arrested on 30 May in the company of other writers and activists related to the local Naxalite Maoists.The press freedom organisation called for his release on health grounds, as he suffers from diabetes. “The police and judicial authorities should take account of the fact that prolonged detention could be fatal,” the organisation said. “Furthermore, it is shocking to see a journalist charged with conspiracy simply because of a meeting with Maoist militants.”In a raid on a hotel in Aurangabad (near Nizamabad) on 30 May, special branch agents of the Andhra Pradesh state police arrested six persons – two leaders of the Communist Party of India (Maoist) and four members of the Revolutionary Writers Association (Virasam), including Venugopal.The police kept their arrest secret for three days, finally taking them before a judge in Bodhan on 3 June. The police accused them under articles 121A (“waging war against the state”), 122 (conspiracy”) and 120B of the criminal code. The judge allowed the police to keep them in custody for another 14 days for questioning.The other detainees – including Pinaka Pani, the editor of the pro-Maoist literary magazine Aruna Tara, and Ravi Kumar, a member of his staff – were transferred amid the utmost security to Bodhan prison. Venugopal was taken to a hospital because of his diabetes, after his family accused the authorities of refusing to give him the daily insulin shots he needs. But he was transferred back to prison today.After demonstrations by Andhra Pradesh journalists, the state’s chief minister, Raja Shekhar Reddy, promised that Venugopal would be released soon.When he appeared in court, Venugopal said: “We are being charged on the basis of half truths (…) As a journalist, I have a right to meet a Maoist Party media representative.”After waging war against the Indian state for many decades, the Communist Party of India (Maoist) began negotiations with the authorities, especially in Andhra Pradesh, in 2004. News March 3, 2021 Find out more Follow the news on India February 23, 2021 Find out more IndiaAsia – Pacific June 20, 2005 – Updated on January 20, 2016 N. Venugopal released on bail RSF demands release of detained Indian journalist Siddique Kappan, hospitalised with Covid-19 India: RSF denounces “systemic repression” of Manipur’s media News April 27, 2021 Find out more Organisation to go further News News
Get our daily Pasadena newspaper in your email box. Free.Get all the latest Pasadena news, more than 10 fresh stories daily, 7 days a week at 7 a.m. HerbeautyShort On Time? 10-Minute Workouts Are Just What You NeedHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeauty6 Strong Female TV Characters Who Deserve To Have A SpinoffHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyNow She’s 19 – Look At Her Transformation! Incredible!HerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeauty15 Countries Where Men Have Difficulties Finding A WifeHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeauty7 Most Startling Movie Moments We Didn’t Realize Were InsensitiveHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyInstall These Measures To Keep Your Household Safe From Covid19HerbeautyHerbeauty Name (required) Mail (required) (not be published) Website 0 commentsShareShareTweetSharePin it EVENTS & ENTERTAINMENT | FOOD & DRINK | THE ARTS | REAL ESTATE | HOME & GARDEN | WELLNESS | SOCIAL SCENE | GETAWAYS | PARENTS & KIDS Make a comment Government Public Invited to Police-Fire Awards Ceremony “Answering the Call of Duty” Today Published on Thursday, May 29, 2014 | 11:00 am Top of the News Pasadena Will Allow Vaccinated People to Go Without Masks in Most Settings Starting on Tuesday Community News First Heatwave Expected Next Week Business News Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked * Subscribe Home of the Week: Unique Pasadena Home Located on Madeline Drive, Pasadena Community News The public is invited to join City officials and leaders of Pasadenaâ€™s Police and Fire departments to recognize brave citizens and Public Safety personnel for their exemplary service and dedication to our community by â€œAnswering the Call of Dutyâ€ during a special awards ceremony, 1:00 – 3:00 p.m., Thursday, May 29, 2014, at the Ambassador Auditorium, 131 S. St. John Ave. Media coverage is encouraged.This is the first joint recognition awards program by the Cityâ€™s Police and Fire departments. â€œAnswering the Call of Dutyâ€ is the theme for the event. Community Service awards will be presented by both departments, including recognition for taking personal risks in the apprehension of crime suspects, taking selfless actions to save a life, Chiefâ€™s Special Recognition, Lifesaving Star, Medals of Honor and employee awards for dedicated service to the City for milestone increments of 35, 30, 25, 20 and 10 years.Stay connected to the City of Pasadena! Visit us online atÂ www.cityofpasadena.net; follow the city on Twitter @PasadenaGov,Â www.twitter.com/pasadenagov, and like us on Facebook atÂ www.facebook.com/cityofpasadena. Or call the Citizen Service Center, 8:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m., Monday through Friday, at (626)Â 744-7311. Pasadena’s ‘626 Day’ Aims to Celebrate City, Boost Local Economy faithfernandez More » ShareTweetShare on Google+Pin on PinterestSend with WhatsApp,Virtual Schools PasadenaHomes Solve Community/Gov/Pub SafetyPasadena Public WorksPasadena Water and PowerPASADENA EVENTS & ACTIVITIES CALENDARClick here for Movie Showtimes More Cool Stuff
Linkedin Facebook Previous articleFormer cleric jailed for sexually abusing Limerick schoolboysNext articleRobbery accused charged with intimidating witness Staff Reporterhttp://www.limerickpost.ie NewsCity prison and courts development to bring hundreds of jobsBy Staff Reporter – December 30, 2015 1604 Print WhatsApp Twitter Email Andrew CareySign up for the weekly Limerick Post newsletter Sign Up [email protected] for the development of the new city courthouse adjacent to Limerick Prison were signed this week as the Prison Service confirmed that it is planning a new women’s prison as part of the redevelopment of the Mulgrave Street jail.The two new construction builds are expected to bring hundreds of jobs over the next two years while boosting the local economy.The service says that it also wants to put an end to the practice of ‘slopping out’ as it unveiled plans for the construction of a new block replacing the oldest part of the prison, which dates back to the 19th century.According to Irish Prison Service figures, capacity issues at the jail are a constant problem as the numbers of males and females in custody regularly exceed 103 per cent bed capacity.It is expected that phase one of the prison redevelopment will begin early in the new year, with the full project completed by 2018.Referring to the new courthouse, Justice Minister Frances Fitzgerald said that the Private Public Partnership (PPP) “represents a substantial investment in the modernisation of our court facilities” adding that it “will provide an important boost to the local economy”Of the seven new contracts for developments in Limerick as well as Drogheda, Letterkenny and Wexford and the redevelopment of existing courthouses in Cork, Mullingar and Waterford, 700 new jobs are to be created during the period of construction, the Minister outlined.The National Development Finance Agency has signed the contract with BAM who has been selected as the main contractor for Courts Bundle PPP Project. Advertisement
Local NewsBusiness Facebook Facebook Twitter Pinterest WhatsApp By Digital AIM Web Support – January 27, 2021 Pinterest Twitter Pelican Products Promotes Kevin Murphy to Lead Marketing for the U.S. WhatsApp TORRANCE, Calif.–(BUSINESS WIRE)–Jan 27, 2021– Pelican Products, Inc. has promoted Kevin Murphy to Vice President of Marketing for the U.S. Sales Division. In his new role, Murphy will oversee the U.S. Commercial, Government and Consumer marketing teams, as well as all branding and creative initiatives. This press release features multimedia. View the full release here: https://www.businesswire.com/news/home/20210127005821/en/ Kevin Murphy, promoted to VP of Marketing – USA, Pelican Products, Inc. (Photo: Business Wire) “For the past 19 years, Kevin’s work to bring the Pelican Products brand to life has inspired customers across the globe,” said Stephan Corti, Chief Commercial Officer for Pelican Products. “Because of his creativity, drive and marketing expertise, Pelican’s products are recognized as the best in the industry–offering superior quality, high-performance and rugged protection.” During his time with Pelican, Murphy has managed all web content, advertising, collateral, videos, packaging and exhibits, as well as implementation of an information database, consumer relationship management system and lead management program. He also has led brand realignments for acquisitions and the Consumer marketing team’s transition to the U.S. Sales division, including defining a common voice to represent the brand across all platforms. Murphy is a graduate of Burnley School of Arts in Seattle. Prior to joining Pelican Products, he worked in senior creative roles at well-respected advertising agencies including Foote, Cone & Belding and Dentsu, Young & Rubicam in Hong Kong. Awards from his advertising career include Print Regional Design, Communication Arts and the Art Directors Club of Los Angeles. Murphy also holds nine U.S. patents licensed to Disney, Rubbermaid and Fellowes. About Pelican Products Pelican Products, Inc. is the global leader in the design and manufacture of high-performance protective cases, temperature-controlled packaging solutions, advanced portable lighting systems and rugged gear for professionals and outdoor enthusiasts. Their products are used by professionals in the most demanding markets including fire safety, law enforcement, defense / military, aerospace, entertainment, industrial and in numerous outdoor markets. Pelican™ products are designed and built to last a lifetime. The company operates in 25 countries, with 23 international sales offices and six manufacturing facilities around the globe. In Europe, the company does business under the name Peli Products, S.LU. For more information, visit www.pelican.com or www.behrmancap.com. View source version on businesswire.com:https://www.businesswire.com/news/home/20210127005821/en/ CONTACT: Kendra Jett Pelican Products, Inc. (800) 473-5422, ext. 1486 [email protected] KEYWORD: CALIFORNIA UNITED STATES NORTH AMERICA INDUSTRY KEYWORD: OTHER DEFENSE OTHER RETAIL SPECIALTY CONSUMER ELECTRONICS LAW ENFORCEMENT/EMERGENCY SERVICES TECHNOLOGY DEFENSE OTHER MANUFACTURING RETAIL PACKAGING PUBLIC POLICY/GOVERNMENT HOME GOODS MANUFACTURING SOURCE: Pelican Products, Inc. Copyright Business Wire 2021. PUB: 01/27/2021 01:44 PM/DISC: 01/27/2021 01:44 PM http://www.businesswire.com/news/home/20210127005821/en TAGS Previous articleAlmonty Industries Inc. Announces the Closing of Its CDN $2,122,500 (equiv US$1,650,000) Private Placement for the KfW-IPEX Bank Arrangement Fee and the Ordering of the Long Lead Time Equipment From Metso/OutotecNext articleNew Jays OF Springer sees echoes of Astros in Toronto’s core Digital AIM Web Support
News UpdatesPlea Moved In Delhi HC Seeking Access To Medical Services To Pregnant Women During Lockdown Karan Tripathi22 April 2020 12:39 AMShare This – xA plea has been moved in the Delhi High Court seeking the enforcement of the right to life of pregnant women who are facing barriers in accessing safe medical services for pregnancy and childbirth due to COVID-19 and the lockdown. Filed by Sama Resource Group For Women and Health, the petition seeks access to timely,proper and affordable reproductive and neonatal healthcare…Your free access to Live Law has expiredTo read the article, get a premium account.Your Subscription Supports Independent JournalismSubscription starts from ₹ 599+GST (For 6 Months)View PlansPremium account gives you:Unlimited access to Live Law Archives, Weekly/Monthly Digest, Exclusive Notifications, Comments.Reading experience of Ad Free Version, Petition Copies, Judgement/Order Copies.Subscribe NowAlready a subscriber?LoginA plea has been moved in the Delhi High Court seeking the enforcement of the right to life of pregnant women who are facing barriers in accessing safe medical services for pregnancy and childbirth due to COVID-19 and the lockdown. Filed by Sama Resource Group For Women and Health, the petition seeks access to timely,proper and affordable reproductive and neonatal healthcare services for all women and their newborn children. It is argued by the Petitioner that despite the Central Government including ‘Services related to reproductive health, including care during pregnancy and childbirth’ as an essential service in the April 15 notification, the same is not being implemented on ground. It is submitted that despite the April 15 notification, pregnant women are experiencing substantial difficulties in accessing reproductive health services. Petitioner further contends that the right to reproductive health is a fundamental right under Article 21 of the Constitution. Moreover, the Indian government is obligated to protect this right as it’s also recognised under International Treaties such as Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR), Convention For Elimination of All Forms Violence Against Women (CESAW), and Child Rights Convention (CRC). The plea goes on to highlight the plight of a pregnant woman who was denied medical services for being a non-COVID patient, or faced exorbitant costs at private hospitals. In addition to this, her difficulty was aggravated by the restricted transportation services as she lives in a ‘red zone’ designated area. ‘The health and life of pregnant women and their soon to be born child is placed at grave risk by the denial of access to proper and timely medical care and attention, putting their rights under Articles 14, 15 and 21 of the Constitution under jeopardy’, the petition states. In light of this, the Petitioner has highlighted that such instances are occurring due to the absence of clear, localized and specific directions and allocation of responsibilities to operationalize such orders. The present petition has been moved through Advocates Vrinda Grover, Ratna Appnender and Soutik Banerjee Therefore, the Petitioner has asked for immediate issuance of additional guidelines from the Central Government and the Ministry of Home Affairs to ensure access to medical services to pregnant women. Next Story
spawns/iStockBY: CRISTINA CORUJO, ABC NEWS(WASHINGTON) — As Puerto Ricans voted on Tuesday for their local leaders, there was another decision they had to make: Whether or not the island nation should be admitted as the newest U.S. state.The non-binding referendum was not expected to change Puerto Rico’s status anytime soon but was still seen as a barometer of Puerto Ricans’ appetite for statehood.At Tuesday’s plebiscite, residents narrowly favored statehood with 52% of the vote while about 47% of voters were against it, according to the election commission’s website.This was actually the sixth time Puerto Ricans had a choice to make on statehood.In past plebiscites, independence and Commonwealth have been included as options for Puerto Rican voters to choose.Puerto Rico has been a U.S. territory since 1898. In 1952, the island’s governor at the time, Luis Muñoz Marín, proclaimed the establishment of the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico with the idea that the island would have a relationship with the U.S., while still having some independence.For years, groups in favor of breaking the relationship with the U.S. have tried to push for Puerto Rico to become independent and self-sufficient without success.Puerto Rico has been unincorporated territory since then, something that will likely not change, experts say.“It is unlikely that the question of Puerto Rico as a state will be taken up by the Congress,” says political scientist and researcher Carlos Vargas Ramos.Although the U.S. mainland still sees Puerto Rico as a commonwealth, many Puerto Ricans, including the island’s Resident Commissioner Jenniffer González, a Republican, say the island is constantly treated as a colony.“Sometimes it’s a little bit ironic that the beacon of democracy in the world, which is the United States, is fighting for equality and fighting for democracy and yet you get it in your own backyard — the oldest colony, with more than 120 years without allowing Puerto Ricans to vote for president, to vote in Congress or to even have federal laws apply equally to American citizens on the island,” said González, who was reelected as commissioner last Tuesday.The resident commissioner is Puerto Rico’s sole representative in Congress, but does not have a vote.In the 2012 and 2017 referendums, statehood prevailed. But the legitimacy of the results were questioned due to the confusing configuration of the status question and voter turnout.The Republican commissioner said she is ready to take this year’s referendum results to Congress.“We’re gonna push for this now, but we’re gonna push for this in January, as well. … It doesn’t matter who is the president-elect,” Gonzalez told ABC News on Wednesday. “We’re gonna move with Republicans and Democrats as well, because it’s a bipartisan issue in law.”The commissioner, who actively supported Donald Trump for reelection, recently reacted on Twitter to Joe Biden’s victory as President Elect of the United States saying that she is ready to work with him and “find common goals & reach bipartisan solutions” for Puerto Rico.Although González said she is ready to start working with Congress to push statehood forward, Ramos Vargas is sure Congress will not act on this referendum.“Congress is just looking for any pretext not to have to take up the question of the status for Puerto Rico,” said political scientist and researcher Carlos Vargas Ramos.Aside from being a nonbinding referendum, Ramos said voter turnout in this referendum could still be an issue for Congress.As of September 2020, there were around 2.3 million eligible voters on the island, according to the election commission’s website. From those eligible voters, nearly 1.2 million people answered the statehood plebiscite.“It’s gonna be difficult for advocates of statehood to argue that this is a clear mandate to push for statehood, particularly when you have a Congress that is reluctant to take up the question,” added Vargas Ramos.Democratic New York Reps. Nydia Velázquez and Alexandria Ocasio Cortez recently raised the issue of Puerto Rican statehood in Congress. In August 2020, the Puerto Rico Self-Determination Act 2020 was introduced in the House of Representatives.This bill would allow Puerto Ricans to “exercise their natural right to self-determination” through a status convention created by the island’s legislature and with delegates chosen by residents.Some Puerto Ricans believe that becoming a state should be the No. 1 priority on island politicians’ agenda. But it’s still an open debate as Puerto Rico grapples with several internal issues: the recovery from Hurricane Maria, devastating earthquakes on the island’s southern coast and the coronavirus pandemic.“We have to solve our internal issues first,” said 26-year-old voter Natasha Doble, who was driven to the polls not for the referendum, but looking for a change at a local level. “This referendum is not valid. … It doesn’t matter if we vote it’s not going to be taken into consideration.”While the final decision of adding Puerto Rico as a state resides in Congress, Ramos Vargas said that until there is clear proof that a vast majority supports statehood it is unlikely there will be a change.“Because there hasn’t been a conclusive plebiscite in Puerto Rico, that indicates convincingly that Puerto Ricans favor one option over another, the Congress of the United States can continue kicking the can down the road,” Vargas Ramos said.Copyright © 2020, ABC Audio. All rights reserved.
340 years of atmospheric circulation characteristics reconstructed from an eastern Antarctic Peninsula ice core
Precipitation delivery mechanisms for Dolleman Island (DI), located off the east coast of the Antarctic Peninsula, are investigated using reanalysis and back trajectory data. The Southern Annular Mode (SAM) and ENSO are both shown to influence precipitation delivery and event size. Precipitation delivery variability is compared against the interannual variation of chemical data from two DI ice cores. Nitrate concentration in the cores is strongly linked with the ratio of easterly to westerly back trajectories arriving at DI, as described by a Cross-Peninsula Index (CPI) defined in this paper. This CPI is used subsequently to reconstruct the atmospheric circulation characteristics for the 340-year ice core record. The analysis highlights a period of increased easterlies during 1720–1780 and an increase in westerlies for 1950–1980, the latter concomitant with a positive SAM trend and western Peninsula warming. The reconstruction also reveals periods when polynyas may have been present in the Weddell Sea.